Speak to me (level advanced)
by Sergei Mkrtchian
Unit 1
Task 1
Discuss it.
1. Do you think exploring space is a necessary thing? Why/why not?
2. What do you know about space exploration?
3. Do you know any famous astronauts? Why are they famous?
4. Do you know any woman astronaut?
Task 3

Watch the video carefully and check the results of Task 2. Correct your guess if necessary.
What Is Space Exploration Doing For You?
Task 4
Fill the gaps in the sentences with the new words given in Task 2. Mind the grammar.
1. Concentrate on the main points of the argument and try not to be __________ by incidental details. 2. The carpet ______ well with the colour of the walls. 3. The computer comes with a 600-page instruction ______. 4. This invention influenced bank _____ protection. 5. The surgery _______ him from years of pain. 6. The only ______ to the village is by boat. 7. If water is heated to 100°C it turns to _____. 8. Halfway through the meeting my mind started to ______. 9. The ____ of the wind had brought down a great many trees in the area. 10. They were __________ after 4 hours of the stressful work they had done. 11. Don't worry about who will do it - that's just a side _____. 12. Flight simulator would _______ more controls to manuals. 13. Code ________ for softwear is my job.14. ______ to technologies should be free for all the people. 15. If the pilot ________ too far off the task, the computer correct all the possible mistakes made by the pilot. 16. He ________ the handbrake and the car jumped forwards. 17. Forcing the pilot to ____ on the subject. 18. The turbine creates ____, and then turn it into energy. 19. This senseless work makes the mind ______.
Crap-ton (adj.) – unit of measure. A ridiculously large amount. Used to describe quantities in otherwise unfathomable amounts: Brendan, I love you a whole crap-ton. There is a crap-ton of pizza in the kitchen.

Task 5
Remember the context in which these phrases were said?

«One that caught my eye»

«Stuck with me»

«Take an experience of working with»

«Driving down solar costs»

Guess, what definition refers to what phrase.

1. To burden one with someone or something that is undesirable, troublesome, or irritating.

2. To make a price or amount fall to a lower level..

3. To draw a person's attention.

4. Take the results of something that has been done into account.
Before doing the task, guess what phrase is the best match for every sentence.

1. I couldn't help buying this hat, it literally ____________.

2. I can't believe everyone else left and _________ the bill!

3. We should ___________ that company to succeed with the new project.

4. Fierce competition among restaurants has ___________.

Task 6
Watch the video once again and choose True or False while watching. Check the answers with your teacher. If there is/are a mistake(s), then watch it once again and try to give the correct answer and explain it.

1. All that has been invented by NASA appeared to be useless.

2. The objective of making Space Shuttle Main Engine was aimed on improving already existing solar power plants.

3. NASA's invention of Space Shuttle Main Engine made a great contribution to creating 110-megawatt solar power plant in Nevada.

4. NASA is opening companies producing solar power plants all over the world.

5. The program brings pilots attention back to the subject by monitoring their brainwaves.

6. Softwear designed to test the control of spacecraft inspired banks to use the technology in preventing bank fraud.
Task 7

Discuss the video.
1. What kind of program did NASA create in 1962 and to what was it dedicated?

2. How the invention of Space Shuttle Main Engine helped Pratt & Whitney to create a superpower solar power plant?

3. How does the solar battery in Nevada work?

4. In what areas is the technology of brainwaves monitoring used today and what benefits does it bring?

5. What is GigaPan and what was it originally created for? In what way is GigaPan consumed today in regular life.

6. If someone says space exploration is a waste of time and money what arguments would you have against it?
a. took notice of his work
b. crucial
c. laid out many of the principles
d. was widely ridiculed in the public press

e. tried to turn his ideas into practical devices
f. complemented

g. the requirements for interplanetary travel
Task 8
Fill the gaps in the sentences using words and phrases in the box.


The first person to study in detail the use of rockets for spaceflight was the Russian schoolteacher and mathematician Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. In 1903 his article "Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reaction Devices" 1._________________ of spaceflight. Up to his death in 1935, Tsiolkovsky continued to publish sophisticated studies on the theoretical aspects of spaceflight. He never 2.___________ his writings with practical experiments in rocketry, but his work greatly influenced later space and rocket research in the Soviet Union and Europe.


In the United States, Robert Hutchings Goddard became interested in space exploration after reading works such as The War of the Worlds. Even as a young man, he dedicated himself to working on spaceflight. Goddard received his first two patents for rocket technology in 1914, and, with funding from the Smithsonian Institution, he published a theoretical treatise, A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes, in 1919. Goddard's claim that rockets could be used to send objects as far as the Moon 3.__________________, including The New York Times. Thereafter, the already shy Goddard conducted much of his work in secret, preferring to patent rather than publish his results. This approach limited his influence on the development of American rocketry, although early rocket developers in Germany 4.___________________.


The third widely recognized pioneer of rocketry, Hermann Oberth, was by birth a Romanian but by nationality a German. Reading Verne's From the Earth to the Moon as a youth inspired him to study 5.________________. Oberth's 1922 doctoral dissertation on rocket-powered flight was rejected by the University of Heidelberg for being too speculative, but it became the basis for his classic 1923 book Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen ("The Rocket into Interplanetary Space"). The work explained the possibility of constructing space stations and of traveling to other planets.

In 1929 Oberth published a second influential book, Wege zur Raumschiffahrt (Ways to Spaceflight). His works led to the creation of a number of rocket clubs in Germany as enthusiasts 6._______________. The most important of these groups historically was the Verein für Raumschiffahrt (VfR; "Society for Spaceship Travel"), which had as a member the young Wernher von Braun. Although Oberth's work was 7.___________in stimulating the development of rocketry in Germany, he himself had only a limited role in that development. Alone among the rocket pioneers, Oberth lived to see his ideas become reality: he was Braun's guest at the July 16, 1969, launch of Apollo 11.
Task 9
Write an article «Space exploration helps improve our everyday life». Use NASA Spinoff catalogue. https://spinoff.nasa.gov/Spinoff2019/index.html
Also use as much new vocabulary as possible.
Task 10

Answer the questions to the text.

1. How do you think, why Tsiolkovsky didn't complement his theories with practical experiments?

2. Why Goddart's influence on the American space program was not that influential?

3. In what way did Oberth contribute to the German space program?

4. According to three of the stories given, how do you think, what were the main difficulties the pioneers of spaceflight faced?

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